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North of Peru: Chiclayo + Trujillo

Near to Chiclayo, the valley of pyramids, Túcume, attracts visitors who are interested in the cultural background of the culture Chimú and Lambayeque. It was the last kingdom before the arrival of the Incas in the north of Peru. Here lived the kings of Túcume like half-gods in giant palaces with mystical and ritual decorations, jewellery and priests, custodians, footmen, etc. 26 pyramids made of brickearth are located in Túcume.

The museum Tumbas Reales de Sipán in Lambayeque shows the treasures of Sipán: burial objects, most of all made of gold. The remains belong to the Moche culture. The museum is considered as one of the most modern museums of South America.

The city of Trujillo can be characterized as a colonial city due to the time of the 17th and 18th century when the Spanish nobility settled there. Wooden balconies and artistic wrought-iron window grilles attract attention. Sights are the main square Plaza de Armas, the archaeological museum, the picturesque church El Carmen and the famous colonial house of the “Marshal de Orbesgo”.

Nearby the pyramids Huaca Del Sol y De la Luna as well as the brick earth complex Chan Chan can be found. All those remain from the Moche culture, which had already existed before the culture of the Incas.


Lima is the capital of Peru. The metropolitan area of Lima and Callao is by far the most densely populated in the country: 30% of Peruvians, over 9 million altogether, live here. Located in the coastal part of the country, Lima is the economical as well as cultural capital of Peru and charms visitors with its diversity. The Historic Center of Lima was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1992 on account of its colonial architecture. The “City of Kings” impresses with its historic downtown, including Paseo de la República, Plaza San Martin, the Main Plaza and the surrounding monuments: the Presidential Palace, the Cathedral, the Archbishop’s Palace, city Hall, the Desamparados train station, and the Moorish-style houses and balconies along Lima’s old streets.

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Arequipa + Colca

Arequipa, also called the “white city”, is set in scenery between three volcanoes. Its buildings are constructed out of lava stone. Arequipa is situated in the desert at an altitude of 2.300m above sea level. The Spanish influence in the local architecture is very intense. The Santa Catalina Monastery, a small “city in the city” with narrow lanes and patios, shows the religious life of a time long ago.

There are usually flocks of lamas and Alpacas, and with some luck you will see the rare Vicuña, a smaller type of cameloid. The highlight of the Colca Valley is the condor’s cross. At this particular spot in the Colca Valley, it is very probable to see majestic condors utilizing the morning winds to sail.

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What is the sum of 5 and 4?